Heart Attacks


heart_attackThe foremost leading cause of death in men and women is a heart attack. A heart attack or Myocardial Infarction happens when oxygen is inadequately provided to the heart. Oxygen is suppressed from the heart because of the lack of blood flow or low levels of blood flow. When the body has low blood flow it causes the muscles of the heart to starve from not having the appropriate amount of oxygen. When this occurs the body reacts to this and begins the dying process. This is why it is called Myocardial Infarcation because Myo stands for muscle, cardial means the heart, and infarction is death due to insufficient oxygen. Not all heart attacks are created equal and due to the variables there are many types of heart attacks hence why the foremost leading cause of death.

Due to the technology and medical advances now days there are many treatments that can be used to save a life or prevent damage or disabilities. There are many causes and risk factors to having a heart attack.

Many heart attack patients suffer from having too much cholesterol in their diets. Cholesterol is a major function in having a heart attack. Cholesterol will buildup in the blood vessels and take on a plaque like form. The plaque will narrow the arteries and will limit the flowing of blood which allows a decrease of blood flow to the heart. Without enough blood flow through the arteries the heart muscle is not able to respond accordingly and then becomes stressed.

The formation of the plaque can pose other problems as well. A blood clot can form in the narrow arteries which will block or put up a restriction so the blood cannot flow properly through the artery. A heart attack will occur when there is not enough blood flowing to the heart and will cause the heart muscle to die.

Most heart attacks are caused from the formation of the plaque and the rupture of plaque within the arteries. When the arteries become narrow it is called AHSD (atherosclerotic heart disease) or CAD (coronary artery disease). There are risk factors when experiencing a heart attack along with the causes. Risk factors to having a heart attack are stroke like symptoms, family history of heart disease, diabetes, high cholesterol, high blood pressure, and smoking.

There are other non-coronary disease factors that relate to a heart attack. Cocaine will make the coronary spasm. Without specific cause the coronary can spasm and then cause chest pains or discomfort (angina) to occur called coronary artery vasospasm (Prinzmetal angina). If there is a kink in the artery it can cause what is known as Anomalous coronary artery which also leads to chest pains along with discomfort. Without the appropriate amount of oxygen getting to the heart it leads to inadequate oxygenation.

Chest pains, pressure, fullness, shortness of breath, tightness or an ache should be assessed by a medical provider as soon as possible. These types of symptoms can alert your doctor that there may be a serious condition. Ignoring the symptoms can lead to death, being aware of these symptoms can save a life. Knowing what to look for will help provide a healthy way of living.

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